Murat Acat, Cagdas Oyku Memis, Muhammet Kamil Turan, Ali Ramazan Benli, Emre Taskin, Zehra Yasar, Seda Derici Memis, Ümran Toru, Aylin Pihtili
European Respiratory Journal
EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY SOC JOURNALS LTD
Introduction: Research indicates that social stressors, negative affect, anxiety or depression are associated with an increased prevalence of smoking in adolescents. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the smoking prevalence and to find out whether spending more time on the internet or psychological characteristics like negative automatic thoughts and thoughts of failure at school affect smoking among adolescents. Material and Methods: A self-administered anonymous sociodemographic questionnaire and the automatic thoughts questionnaire (ATQ) were administered using a sample of students in grades 9 through 12 at eight different public senior high schools in Karabuk, Turkey. A descriptive analysis was made, and the Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare the groups.
Results: From the 463 participating students aged 14-19 years (43.9% female, 56.1% male), 40 (8.7%) had tried smoking or were former smokers and 48 (10.4%) were occasionally or daily smokers. Students with male gender (p< 0.001), older age (Z=-5.356; p< 0.001), those who had used alcohol before (p< 0.001), scored higher on the ATQ (Z=-2.065; p= 0.039), spent more time on the internet (Z=-3.021; p= 0.003), and felt like failing at school (Z=-3.730; p< 0.001), and those who had a smoking mother (p< 0.001), father (p= 0.005), sibling (p= 0.018), or close friend (p< 0.001), had a higher frequency of smoking.
Conclusion: In order to increase our understanding, future research on smoking in adolescents could target the psychological basis of smoking behavior.
M Acat, CO Memis, MK Turan, AR Benli, E Taskin… - European Respiratory Journal, 2015